One of the first grape varieties grown in Washington, the state's Rieslings tend to be very floral in the nose, with vivid apricot, peach and apple flavors.
Occasionally, the "noble rot" works its magic on Riesling, concentrating the sugars and flavors to produce a late-harvest wine of incomparable intensity.
When the conditions are right, Washington vintners also produce incredible ice wines from Riesling, as well as other varietals. Most Washington Rieslings are vinted in a dry to off-dry style to accompany food. Chardonnay is one of the best manifestations of the state's special winemaking character. While the varietal is noted in many other regions as a rich and powerful wine, Washington Chardonnays are often distinctively crisp and delicate, like fresh apples.
Oak is often used with a lighter touch, showing off the varietal character. Also, some wineries use secondary malolactic fermentation to add rich vanillin and buttery nuances. They are becoming increasingly popular for their distinctive character and are often described as fruity with a touch of herbaceousness and lively acidity.
Styles range from slightly tart and grassy to tangy pineapple overlaid with oak. Washington is known for its Semillon, and while this wine is most often enjoyed young, Washington Semillons are known to age beautifully into rich, honeyed, nutty wines. When young, it offers a broad spectrum of flavors, ranging from crisp citrus to melon and fig, and fresh pears to vanillin. A wine with somewhat lower acidity than Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon is luscious, yet light. Its lower acidity makes it more susceptible to botrytis, resulting in a fair number of late-harvest bottlings.
The king of the red grapes grows magnificently in Washington. The heady, fruity character of this complex grape develops slowly. In its youth, the wine appears more subtle and restrained than Washington Merlots. Its character can emerge as black currants, cherry, berry, chocolate, leather, mint, herbs, bell pepper or any combination of these. This wine ages beautifully.
Frequently, several years of bottle aging are needed for the wine to show at its best. Many of the state's vintners employ traditional blending practices, adding Merlot or Cabernet Franc to the wine. Washington Merlot, with its cherry flavors and aroma, tends to be more full-bodied, moderately tannic and slightly higher in alcohol than its Bordeaux cousins, and higher in acidity than those from California.
Traditionally used in blends, Merlot gained popularity bottled on its own in the early s. It captured center stage as Washington's star varietal almost 15 years after its first commercial release in Washington Merlot is known for its sweet cherry and berry flavors and complex aromas that include mint, cigar box, and sweet spices like nutmeg and cardamom.
Syrah is just one of the Rhone varieties gaining popularity in Washington State. A spicy, rich, complex varietal, Syrah grapes turn into big, dark, intensely concentrated wines with aromas and flavors of blackberries, black currants, roasted coffee, tobacco and leather. Long considered primarily a blending grape, Cabernet Franc has recently captured the attention of Washington's winemakers.
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Washington State Wine Varieties
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Read More.Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Washington State is well-known for apple production.
Best U-Pick Peaches in Washington
The combination of climate and soil makes most of the state ideal for apple production. Some people also associate Washington State with cherry production but most don't realize that Washington's climate also is ideal for growing peaches. Apples are a very well-known fruit that grows in Washington State. Most varieties of apples grow very well in Eastern Washington and Western Washington. Most of these varieties are grafted onto root stocks optimized for local growing conditions. Popular apple orchard areas include Green Bluff, just outside of Spokane.
Apples require soil that drains well and full sun. They do better if you refrain from planting them in low-lying areas that could be susceptible to cold air masses. Apples will ripen and be ready for harvest between August 15th and October 31, depending on the variety. The weather in Washington State, especially in Eastern Washington, is ideal for peach cultivation. Orchards in the Green Bluff area grow a number of varieties of peaches. Like apples, peach trees require full sun.
Avoid low-lying areas where cold air can collect and damage the blossoms or fruit.
Peaches require loamy, well-draining soil and will not tolerate soils where water can stand on the surface for more than an hour after a heavy rain. Peaches are generally ready for harvest in August and September in Washington State, depending on the season and peach variety. Cherrie trees have been popular in Washington for a very long time.
In fact, the popular Rainier cherries are named after Mt. Rainier in the Cascade mountain range in Western Washington. Most cherry varieties will grow well in Washington State.
Different varieties mature at different rates. By planting two or three different cherry trees, you can begin harvesting in mid-June and continue harvesting to late August.
The Best Fruit Trees in Washington State
Cherries require full sun and soils that drain well. Like other fruit trees, including apple and peach, avoid planting cherries in low-lying areas where cold air can gather and damage the blossoms and fruit. Cherries generally are ready for harvest in June, July and August, depending on your climate zone and the variety of cherries you are growing. Share this article.Every last thing we sell or make—from fresh fruit to artisanal organic jams, jellies, fruit butters, sauces, dried fruits, and cider—we grow ourselves.
Our business is built on flavor, environmental stewardship, quality, local food we can all believe in, and building relationships. I just bit into my first peach from the farmer's market and it was so good it made me come and write this review.
Looking forward to more peaches, plums, pears and apples from Ela's. Went to the farmers market in Old Town Fort Collins today and met these wonderful farmers. ALL of their samples were delicious, it was hard to choose what to buy. We went with the peach plum jam and were NOT disappointed. The greatest part of this experience was the warmness and kindness from the employees. They were friendly, patient, and helpful.
We will definitely be customers again in the future. I purchased 24 peaches online on Sunday, they shipped on Tuesday, and they arrived in Tennessee on Thursday in perfect condition. They are the sweetest, juiciest peaches around, just like I remembered them when I lived in Colorado. Fantastic farm, farmer, and crew. A weekly farmer's market visit for our family for over a decade.
We will only eat peaches from Ela's. All others taste like plaster. That is all. Hit enter to search or ESC to close. Organic Fruit Picked at the Peak of Flavor. Four Generations of Environmental Stewardship.
Sustainable Farmers Giving Back to the Community. Ela Family Farms is the first certified organic, fourth-generation orchard in the Rocky Mountain West. In case you are wondering, CSA shares will be open for purchase from the end of March through mid June. We also are saving June for our orchard dinner and free farm tour…while holding off on sign-ups until early May.
Please bear with us if we are a little slow, and feel free to reach out to us with questions using This Message Button Wishing you well! Join our mailing list for updates about farm events, CSAs and fruit news!
Have some feedback? Like to make an anonymous comment? Yes our fruit is delicious! Ela Family Farms also participates in scientific research projects that support the future of organic agriculture.Stone fruit are very susceptible to damage from the fungus and bacterial diseases that are prevalent in the cool humid climate conditions of the Puget Sound region.
Also the lower seasonal heat levels, compared with regions such as eastern Washington or California, may not produce the high quality and flavor of the common commercial varieties. Some pollination problems occur when bad weather at bloom time limits bee activity, especially for early bloomers like apricots and early plums. Beginning in the early s, Dr. Bob Norton started the stone fruit evaluation trials for the purpose of finding the stone fruit varieties that would produce a reliable crop of good quality fruit.
Productivity and disease susceptibility are the two major limiting factors in variety selection for peaches and nectarines in western Washington.
Many varieties that do well in warmer areas are unproductive in the cooler marine climate of the Puget Sound region. Trials at Mount Vernon have eliminated a number of poorly performing varieties. Some reliable producers have fruit that is not top quality. Several introductions from the Harrow, Ontario fruit breeding program, and some other new introductions from New Jersey, Michigan, and Georgia have performed well. Peach leaf curl, bacterial canker, brown rot and coryneum blight all attack peach and nectarine trees, so they are not good candidates for a no-spray orchard regime.
Nectarines in particular can be subject to fruit cracking, which damages the fruit even if the cracks remain dry and do not develop rot. For a summary of peach and nectarine variety trial results, see Stone Fruit Report Peach cultivars and selections planted in Nectarine cultivars and selections planted in European, Asian and hybrid plums can all be grown successfully in our area. European plums Prunus domestica are generally the easiest to grow, and a wide range of these firm-fleshed, freestone types are available for home gardeners.
Plum trees are usually vigorous and productive, less prone to disease and nutrition problems than other stone fruit kinds, and can be used not only for fresh eating but also for canning, drying, fruit leathers, and other culinary uses. Japanese plums P. Fruit is usually cling stone and more juicy than the European types.
They are excellent for fresh eating and some can be used for flavorful jelly. Canning and drying are not recommended. However, they are very productive, supplying plenty of fruit for jelly, jam, and even wine.
For a summary of plum variety trial results, see Stone Fruit Report Plum cultivars and selections currently planted in Apricots are the most problematical of the stone fruits to grow in western Washington. They bloom early, often in February or March when cold weather prevents effective pollination or frost damages the flowers and young fruit.
They are also susceptible to serious diseases such as bacterial canker, pseudomonas, and brown rot. Some varieties do not get as much heat as they need for proper maturity in our cool maritime climate.
Here again research continues to seek out disease resistant, productive varieties that are better adapted to local conditions, but the goal of a truly well adapted apricot variety is still some way off. Shelter systems such as an espalier or trellis under the roof eaves, rain covers, high tunnels and hoop houses can help to give better results, combined with a vigilant disease control program.
For a summary of apricot variety trial results, see Harvest Report Tree Fruit. Apricot Rootstock Trial Apricot cultivars and selections currently planted in Our pages provide links to external sites for the convenience of users. WSU Extension does not manage these external sites, nor does Extension review, control, or take responsibility for the content of these sites. These external sites do not implicitly or explicitly represent official positions and policies of WSU Extension.
Cherry Research Apricot Variety Trials.Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! The climate in Washington state is conducive to many types of fruits and nuts. Many trees will grow equally well both on the east side of the Cascade mountains and on the west side. Although Washington is known most for apples and cherries, many types of fruits and nuts will grow well in the state.
Washington state has ideal weather for growing peach trees. Depending on the part of the state and the climate zone, a number of varieties can thrive, including redhaven, glohaven, red globe, Canadian harmony, reliance, Polly, harken and ranger. Peaches often require between and 1, hours of temperatures below 45 degrees Fahrenheit, so it is important to select a variety that will bear well in your particular climate zone. Some varieties will grow better in the colder climate of eastern Washington than in warmer western Washington.
Washington state is well suited for growing almonds. Almond trees begin producing nuts after three or four years and can live 20 to 25 years.
Most almond trees grown in Washington are sweet almonds and can grow to 20 to 30 feet tall. Almonds can survive short periods of time colder than minus 10 F. Almond orchards should be frost free beginning in February. Almonds are not usually grown commercially in Washington.
Most almonds are grown for personal consumption. Pears can grow well in some parts of Washington, especially Asian pears.
Recommended Fruit Trees for the Puget Sound
Like almonds, most Asian pears are not grown commercially. Asian pear trees make good landscaping trees that offer fruit for personal consumption. One popular form of Asian pear tree has four or five different varieties of pears grafted onto the same root stock. Each variety ripens at a different time, offering very long bearing seasons from a single, compact tree. Share this article.Peach harvest continues all the way into late September. Some parts of the country begin enjoying tree-ripe peaches as early as the first part of May.
No other fruit is harvested over such a long period of time. Dave Wilson Nursery offers peach selections suited for climates throughout the United States. Peach Harvest Sequence. Edible Ornamental: varieties having both tasty fruit and especially attractive tree, foliage, bloom or long-hanging fruit characteristics.
Taste Test Winner: varieties that have made the highest overall scores at Dave Wilson Nursery fruit tastings. DWN Top the best-selling DWN fruit varieties for retail nurseries, including many of the most well-proven varieties. Zaiger Variety: developed by Zaiger's Inc. Genetics of Modesto, California. Dave Wilson Nursery is the exclusive U. If you are thinking of planting fruit trees, here are some reasons why you should and where to begin on our website.
Trees well-chosen will be easiest to grow and give superior fruit - at your preferred harvest times. Established by Dave Wilson in on a small piece of rented ground near Modesto, California, our company.
Sell the Edibles! Brief Views are a quick way to scan the catalog for stone fruit varieties of interest based on key characteristics, chilling requirement, and harvest date. The value of adequate land preparation will be realized soon after planting and for the life of your orchard.
The timing and sequence of steps are of critical importance Bloom, tree, crop, harvest and cultural descriptors for DWN commercial almond varieties. Relative pest and disease tolerances for DWN almond rootstocks. Article Fruit Tree Chilling Requirement. Large freestone with bright red skin over yellow background color.
Mild, low-acid yellow flesh. Good shipping qualities. Ripens just after Elberta. Two-time taste test winner. Large, white flesh, nearly freestone when fully ripe. Red over cream colored skin. Sweet and tangy, fine delicate flavor, firm texture.
Peak quality reached a short while after picking. Large, all-purpose yellow freestone for mild-winter climates. Sweet, aromatic, rich flavor, one of the very best. Ripens weeks after Mid-Pride. Chilling requirement less than hours. Long-time favorite white-fleshed freestone. Sweet and juicy, aromatic, low in acid. High scoring in taste tests.